Garden

What distinguishes blueberries from blueberries

Blueberries and blueberries are very popular because of their healing properties. Both are similar, useful, but there is a difference in their qualities.

Blueberries and Blueberries: A Comparison of Berries

Wild blueberry and blueberry fruit - a real find. The stores sell garden varieties, bred mainly by breeders from Canada. They are similar in composition and qualities to wild plants and bring the same benefits. Common Blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) is practically not growing in gardens. The seedlings offered in the markets and online stores are a completely different type of plant, the result of the American selection of tall blueberry (Vaccinium cyanococcus). Its properties resemble forest fruits.

You can distinguish blueberries or blueberries by comparing the fruits. Blueberry is smaller, weighing up to 1 g. It is characterized by dyed dark substances - anthocyanins, an intense, particularly attractive flavor with a sweet-sour notes. Blueberry fruits are recognized by their light green dense, fleshy pulp and colorless, watery juice. They are sour, with a neutral, subtler taste, but there are also sweet, a bit cloying.

You can clearly see in the photo how blueberry differs from blueberry.

A warning! Blueberry juice leaves a mark on the skin, as well as stains on fabrics that are poorly removed.

What distinguishes blueberries from blueberries

In nature, both plants prefer a cold and temperate climate, are found in forests and wetlands. Blueberries are low, up to 40 cm, with green, flexible shoots, which can be seen alone located berries. It grows in coniferous, often pine forests. Blueberry bushes are higher than 0.5 m, sometimes they rise to 1 m, lignified shoots, berries are gathered in clusters. Grow in open areas, and are found in the Caucasus. The leaves are ovoid, similar, since both shrubs belong to the same family - Heather.

Blueberry and blueberry berries at first glance it is difficult to distinguish a novice. But each has its own characteristics, even in appearance - the skin of one and the other is covered with a bluish bloom, the difference is visible in color. Blueberry fruits are round, similar to a dark blue, almost black ball. Blueberry - gray-blue, large, up to 12 mm, weighing 1 g, slightly elongated.

Photo: blueberries and blueberries differ in skin color.

The difference between blueberries and blueberries

It is interesting to compare blueberries and blueberries in composition and quantity of vitamins.

Substances in 100 g of product

Blueberries

Blueberry

Calories

57 kcal

39 kcal

Squirrels

0.74 g

1 g

Fat

0.33 g

0.5 g

Carbohydrates

14.49 g

8.2 g

Cellulose

2.4 g

1.2 g

Water

87 g

88.2 g

Ash

0.4 g

0.3 g

Vitamin A

54 IU

0.29 mg

Vitamin B1

0.037 mg

0.02 mg

Vitamin C

9.7 mg

16-20 mg

Vitamin PP

0.418 mg

0.28 mg

Vitamin K

19.3 mcg

19.3 mcg

The difference in the content of biologically active substances is quite insignificant. The fruits of shrubs are rich in vitamins, minerals, amino acids, fiber, pectins. The content of vitamins of different groups - C, PP, B, A, K berries are approximately equal, although there is some difference in favor of the composition of blueberry fruits.

The difference between blueberries and blueberries as a photo shows - in the color of the pulp.

The healing properties of blueberries and blueberries depend not only on the availability of vitamins, but also on other components. Blueberry fruits are rich in acids - ascorbic, malic, nicotinic, acetic, oxalic. Contain a little iron - 0.8 mg, but in a form that is completely absorbed by the body. Bilberry is known for its unique high manganese index - 0.336 mg, this is its difference from other wild and cultivated plants. This element is indispensable in carbohydrate metabolic processes.

Comparison of the beneficial properties of blueberries and blueberries

Berries are good for health, and it is necessary to use the period of their collection to strengthen the body. Blueberries are different from blueberries in terms of their properties and effects, although both types of fruit give an exceptionally positive tonic effect.

The benefits of blueberries

Due to their qualities, blueberry fruits and their products are popular. They are used:

  • to strengthen the cardiovascular system, including hypertension;
  • to improve the functioning of the intestines and pancreas;
  • to stimulate metabolism and reduce blood sugar levels;
  • to normalize brain activity in the field of memory improvement and concentration;
  • to relieve eye strain when working hard at a computer;
  • as an anti-inflammatory and antidisenterial agent;
  • in case of anemia and to increase immunity.

Pectins and anthocyanins contribute to the elimination of toxins, support neural connections, therefore, nutritionists, oncologists and gerontologists recommend the berries to their patients.

However, it is impossible to eat blueberry fruits alone, since they can cause allergies, intestinal upset and muscular dysfunction.

Attention! Daily use of 500 ml of blueberry juice restores memory functions in the elderly.

The benefits of blueberries

A characteristic feature of the composition of blueberry fruits is a large amount of ascorbic acid and antioxidants. Many consider these berries to be a panacea for eye disease and tiredness to support the retina. Moreover, they produce pharmaceutical preparations based on them.

It is established that blueberry fruits are shown:

  • with a decrease in visual acuity;
  • with the threat of cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis in particular;
  • during a GI disorder;
  • to cleanse the body of toxins, with anemia and low immunity;
  • as the prevention of cancer;
  • with elevated blood sugar levels;
  • in case of infectious or catarrhal diseases.

Berries are used as an antibiotic for the treatment of burns or ulcers on the skin, in traditional medicine used for urolithiasis.

There are contraindications: chronic constipation and diseases of the pancreas and duodenum.

What berry is healthier: blueberries or blueberries

There is a generally accepted view that blueberries are more useful than blueberries. There is a slight difference between their properties. And at the same time, vitamin fruits saturate the body with useful substances and enhance its protective functions:

  • Blueberry fruits are better for maintaining healthy eyes, although blueberries will also contribute to strengthening eyesight;
  • the latter are indispensable for older people with their properties to improve memory and thinking processes, as well as normalize intestinal functions.

The difference in the cultivation of berries

The difference between blueberries and blueberries is the ability to take root in the gardens. Blueberry Eurasian plants require special conditions that are almost impossible to fulfill. Garden shrubs derived from plants from North America. Both species should be planted in open areas or in light penumbra, on acidic soils and take care of drainage in the holes.

Features of growing blueberries

When buying spring seedlings, they choose early and middle varieties, because late ripening may not mature in our conditions. For the northern areas suitable stunted bushes. Pay attention to the taste of the variety.

Care instructions:

  • when landing, it is impossible to add ash and manure, fertilize with minerals;
  • water in the flowering phase and the formation of ovaries;
  • pristvolny circle mulch peat, oak leaves, needles.

How to grow blueberries

Blueberry seedlings are selected, focusing on the height of the bushes, the size and sugar content of berries, ripening time. When growing follow these tips:

  • between the holes the distance is up to 1.5 m;
  • Regular watering is a prerequisite for good shrub development;
  • fed with minerals, without organic.

Comparison of yield and collection time for blueberries and blueberries

Garden shrubs fruitful, give up to 7 kg per plant. Fruits are harvested from the end of June to the beginning of autumn, broken every week.

Important! The berries from the blueberry bushes do not pull off the stalk, but are carefully turned to preserve their integrity.

Blueberry fruits, depending on the variety, ripen from late July to mid-autumn. Matured, weighing 10-25 g, acquire a bluish-blue hue. But you don’t have to tear them right away. Wait another 5-10 days for the fruits to pick up sugar and soften, remove with a dry margin. The first crop is consumed fresh, and the late harvest is allowed for processing.

Differences in the storage, processing and transportation of berries

Fresh blueberry fruits are preserved for a month and a half at temperatures close to zero. Blueberry in such conditions can withstand 15 days. Carry fruits in small boxes, folded in three or four layers. Both types of berries are frozen or dried, used for different blanks and fillings.

Tip! For medicinal purposes suitable leaves of both plants.

Conclusion

Blueberries and blueberries are valuable for health, there is a very small difference between their properties. Garden cultures, differing from wild plants, have similar healing properties. Adhering to tips on growing bushes, get vitamin berries for their own use.