It is difficult to imagine a kitchen garden in which there would be no beds with cucumbers. To date, many varieties have been developed, both for direct consumption and for pickling. Especially popular for pickling gherkins. You can shoot small fruit and salad species. However, the gherkins themselves are tastier, and the bank looks more appetizing.
How gherkins differ from other cucumbers
Varieties of gherkins differ elastic, crispy fruits without voids inside. They are oblong, without bulges, the length of cucumbers is about 5-10 cm. Even overgrown gherkins will not be large. Breeders bred varieties that quickly ripen, have a pleasant taste, give a great harvest and are resistant to common diseases.Attention! In the gherkins the mineral content is higher than in the cucumber salad.
The best varieties have specific characteristics. The following groups are represented:
- for greenhouses;
- for open ground;
- for film coatings;
- parthenocarpic (without pollination).
Having tried different varieties of miniature cucumbers, most gardeners choose the best for themselves and grow these particular gherkins.
The most common varieties
Gardeners who are just starting to grow gherkins should pay attention to the best and most common varieties.
Suitable for growing on open ground or under the coating of the film. Perhaps this is the best gherkins for canning. The length of cucumbers is from 5 to 10 cm, they have a bright taste and crunchy. Gherkins dark green with large tubercles.
This variety can be planted even on the windowsill or on the balcony. Gherkins have fast ripening and high yield. The length of ripe cucumbers is within 9.5-11 cm, the color is green, the shape is oblong.
Such fruits can be planted in an open garden or in a greenhouse. They are characterized by resistance to many diseases and root rot. The variety of cucumbers self-pollinating, early ripe. The size of the fruits is about 7-9 cm, they are cylindrical in shape and covered with large tubercles.
"Moravian Gherkin F1"
Gherkins are designed for cultivation in the open field, bee-pollinated. The fruits are universal in use, have a small length, covered with tubercles of medium size. These cucumbers confront many diseases.
The above varieties generally require the same care as lettuce cucumbers. It is preferable to collect the gherkins every day. Then they will have a beautiful form. In addition, if you regularly remove ripened fruit, stimulated the growth of new cucumbers.
Mini version of cucumber gherkin
You can often hear about mini gherkins, the size of which does not exceed 6 cm. After a couple of days, real, ready-to-harvest fruits, only very small, appear. Crunchy cucumbers, ideal for blanks.
The following are the best varieties of this group.
The gherkins of this variety have a pleasant sweet taste and a dark green color. Fruits are covered with small tubercles. These early ripe cucumbers can be grown in open field or greenhouse. They tolerate temperature fluctuations and are resistant to diseases.
This type of gherkins mid-season, bee-pollinated. Fruits maintain their density and taste for a long time. It is characterized by high yield, with 10 square meters of cucumber and more per square meter. Resists many diseases.
Such gherkins are suitable for both pickles and for direct consumption. The fruits are sweet, without a bitter taste. Belong to mid-ripening types of cucumbers. Planted on the open ground, these gherkins withstand temperature extremes and are resistant to disease. Fruits of elongated shape, dense, without voids inside, pale green color.
"Son of the F1 regiment"
It is a bee-pollinated variety, it is possible to grow it both on open ground and under the coating in the form of a film. Fruits are light green with large tubercles. 40-45 days pass before fruiting. It is characterized by abundant yield.
Also, lovers of mini-gherkins can try the variety "Children's F1", which is distinguished by small leaves. For cultivation at home (on the balconies, window sills) suitable varieties "Favorite zyathek", "Nastya F1". Small fruits will give a "self-eating cloth" and "Red mullet F1".
What cucumbers suitable for greenhouses
Greenhouse varieties have several special features. They are early, without pollination, ovaries are arranged in bunches. "Friendly family", "Paratunka F1" the best varieties for growing in the greenhouse.
A little bit about the "friendly family"
"Friendly family" refers to srednerannymi varieties, begins to bear fruit after 43-48 days after seed germination. Fruits are oblong in shape, the length does not exceed 12 cm. Gherkins are harvested when they reach a length of 4-6 cm. They have a pleasant taste without a bitter shade. The main shoot gives 2-4 ovaries, side - 6-8 pieces.
The variety "Friendly family" is characterized by high fecundity. Up to 20 kg of fruits can be collected from a square meter of bed of these gherkins. They look very neat, suitable for canning, and for cutting or salad.
If the greenhouse is heated, cucumbers can be sown directly into the ground. Then you can not wait for the deadline, so get an early harvest.
You can start with the cultivation of seedlings. They are placed in a suitable environment where all conditions are met: temperature, availability of light. Seedlings need to be regularly fed, watered, pick picking. They are planted under suitable weather conditions, and according to the calendar it should be done in mid-April.
In general, the grade "Friendly family" does not require complex care. It is enough to water them systematically, to feed the soil. When the bushes are already strong, and the fruiting has not started, they are stepson and pinch.
Great taste - "Sweet crunch"
Another variety recommended for the greenhouse is the Sweet Crunch. Fruits of the correct form of light-green color therefore it is easy to find them on a bush. The peel is covered with spikes and large tubercles. Will be suitable both for conservation, and for the fresh use. Possess excellent taste, the mass of the fruit reaches 60-70 g.
Gherkins appetizing look in the bank, they are good and fresh. Due to the rapid ripening, the fruits can be picked daily, while the formation of new ovaries is ensured throughout the entire fruiting period. For cultivation on open ground and in greenhouses, different varieties of gherkins are provided. You can try different types and choose the most delicious and fruitful.