Cucumber varieties with tuft ovaries appeared on sale recently, but quickly gained popularity among gardeners seeking to obtain large seasonal yields. 15-20 years ago, early-growing medium-sized hybrids were grown in greenhouses, and on open ground - ordinary varietal cucumbers.
Beam hybrids were obtained by breeders by crossing several varieties with the female ovary. Thus, these varieties began to produce from 4 to 10 fruits from one node of the ovary, which significantly increased the yield.
Cultivation and care of beam cucumbers
In order for the cucumbers to have a long growing season and produce a significant amount of fruit, they require special care. A large number of ovaries makes the plant weak, so hybrids of this type need regular feeding and following some rules during cultivation:
- Cucumber beam varieties do not land too close to each other. The maximum density between the bushes in greenhouses - 2-3 seedlings per 1m2On open ground, this figure can reach 3-4.
- By the beginning of the growing season, the plant must have a strong root and a strong stem in order to “feed” and sustain numerous ovaries.
- If grown cucumber seedlings are intended for planting in open ground, then after transplantation it is necessary to cover it with a film and keep it there until the beginning of active flowering.
- Bundle cucumbers preferably planted in places protected from the wind. The plant is very thermophilic, and in a draft the weakened stem is likely to simply die.
- Obligatory top dressing of a plant by organic mineral fertilizer. The procedure is dosed (no more than 15 grams per m2 once a week).
- To speed up the growth of greengrass, a volume tank with rotted grass or manure is installed in a greenhouse or in a greenhouse. Evaporating carbon dioxide activates the growth of plant cells, allowing you to quickly get the desired yield.
Overgrown fruit remaining on the bush, prevent the emergence of new ovaries.
An important factor for growing beam hybrids in open ground are supports. The best fruits and maximum yield are obtained from bushes tied to a trellis, fixed on poles, 2 meters in height and above. At the same time between the pillars necessarily attached mesh, with a cell size of not less than 15 cm. On it fix new cucumber lash.
Bundle cucumbers require regular care and feeding. Despite the fact that the growing season beams laid in the plant at the genetic level, from improper watering or poor light, it can vary.
At the same time, the plant can not be overfed fertilizers. In the case of abundant or improper feeding, tufts can be formed only on the lower ovaries of the stem. The optimal growing conditions for cucumber are maintaining the required temperature (without sharp fluctuations) and relatively high air humidity. That is why beam cucumbers are recommended to be planted in equipped greenhouses or on open ground in summer, when the air temperature has settled.
How to choose the best variety for planting
Beam cucumber hybrids are divided into several species, the main of which are insect-infected or parthenocarpic. The first, as a rule, are grown in open ground or greenhouses, specially equipped with an opening roof. The second is adapted for film greenhouses and greenhouses.
Both those and others may differ branching. For high greenhouses and open ground with equipped supports suitable varieties with good and limited branching, for low greenhouses and greenhouses - with weak branching.
The advantages of varieties with good branching
Plants are characterized by a long growing season and high yield. For central Russia, varieties such as Maryina Roshcha F1, Three Tankista, Chistye Prudy, Little Boy Thumb F1, Junior Lieutenant are recommended.
Features of growing cucumbers with limited branching
These plants do not require regular nipping, are easy to clean and have a fairly long growing season. The best varieties are “Cheetah F1”, “Ant F1”, “Grasshopper F1”, “Trump card”.
The best varieties of cucumber with weak branching
A great option for a large seasonal harvest. The growing season lasts from 1 to 1.5 months. Weak side branches are short, do not require nipping. The best varieties are “Balalaika”, “Bouquet F1”, “Alphabet F1”.
It is clear that the harvest of bundle cucumbers is a regular and laborious process. But what about those who appear in their private plots only on weekends? Is there an opportunity to grow a good harvest, caring for cucumbers 2-3 days a week?
Especially for summer residents, domestic selection has produced several varieties of bundle cucumbers with intentionally slow growth of fruits. Due to this, the cucumbers on the bush practically have no opportunity to outgrow, and do not take away forces from the green men. Harvest can be made once a week.
The most popular among them are insect-infected cucumber varieties "Captain F1" (pictured above), "Acorn F1". Self-pollinating - “Be healthy”, “Balcony F1”, “Karapuz F1”.Attention! When planting hybrids "Captain" and "Acorn", remember that these plants have only female type of flowering, so together with them any cucumbers from pollinator varieties are planted.
Puffed cucumbers with slow fruit growth have another characteristic feature - their miniature and un-pollinated fruits are great for canning. And such a hybrid as “Balcony” is unpretentious to care and gives great yields, adapting to any growing conditions.
The most popular varieties of bundle cucumbers
Properly planted and well-grown cucumbers with a bundle ovary, on average, are capable of producing up to 20 kg of yield from one bush. Choosing a grade, be sure to read the instructions and learn the basic conditions of care.
The following are popular and in demand today:
It refers to early ripening varieties intended for growth in greenhouses, greenhouses and on open plots of land. From 4 to 6 cucumbers are produced in one bundle. The growing season - 1.5 months, and the resulting fruits reach from 8 to 10 cm in length. The variety is versatile, and the crop can be used for both salads and canning.
Self-pollinating early-ripening cucumber variety, which feels great both in greenhouse conditions and in the open field. Up to 4 medium fruits are formed in the bundle, the average weight is 100 g. Distinctive features of this type - increased genetic resistance to fungal diseases and low temperatures.
The power of F1
Cucumber is famous for its long growing season and high yield. It is grown up both in greenhouses, and on an open ground. The average number of ovaries in the beam - 8 pcs. The length of a cucumber during ripening can reach 12-15 cm.
F1 green wave
This variety is considered the most productive among the beam hybrids. The green wave is resistant to temperature extremes and viral infections characteristic of greenhouse varieties. As can be seen in the photo, the average number of knots in the nodes is 8-10.
A hybrid whose seeds are brought to us from Holland. Cucumbers during full ripening reach lengths of up to 15 cm, and weight is up to 100 grams. The variety is considered the most delicious among beam hybrids and has an enviable stability in obtaining large yields.
The self-cured early ripe hybrid intended for cultivation in greenhouses and an open ground. The first fruits ripen on the 40th day after transferring the seedlings to the soil. Cucumber does not require regular watering and care, resistant to powdery mildew, fungal diseases, with stable long-term fruiting.
Another new variety of bundle cucumbers grown by Dutch breeders. As seen in the photo - they are extraordinarily beautiful. Up to 8 fruits, 10-12 cm in size, ripen in one bunch. The hybrid is universal and ideal for canning and salting. In addition, this variety does not lose appearance during long-term transportation.
The cultivation of bundle cucumbers is associated with some difficulties that are not attributable to the usual varieties of cucumbers. But despite this, they are becoming increasingly popular among gardeners who want to get a stable and rich crops.
When buying seeds for seedlings, be sure to consult the seller about the characteristics of growing a certain type and variety, its resistance to changing weather conditions, and susceptibility to diseases. Strictly follow all growing instructions.