Chickens are the most common animals in the household. Farmers from all over the world raise chickens for meat and eggs. Today, there are more than 180 breeds of chickens, 52 of which are in demand in Russia.
All existing breeds can be divided into 5 groups:
Most in demand, of course, meat and egg. Meat-egg chickens are a collection of universal breeds that are grown to produce meat products, as well as eggs. They are unpretentious to the conditions and undemanding in feeding. Have a well-developed maternal instinct.
There are specially bred meat and egg chickens (by crossing), as well as those who by nature have these qualities. Some chickens in this group may also apply to decorative, due to its beautiful appearance.
The egg production of meat and egg chickens is at a high level, and is almost as good as egg breeds. The quality of meat is very good, but such chickens grow more slowly than representatives of the meat group. But, they do not require complex care, calm and durable. They are easy to maintain, even in a small area at home or in the country, do not need high fences and large spaces for walking.Important! In order for chickens to fly well, they need a quality and varied diet. Then the figures of egg production can be up to 200 pieces per year.
This is important for gaining muscle mass.
This includes the Moscow black breed, which is one of the most popular types of chickens. Consider some of the features of this breed, as well as the history of the appearance. Detailed characteristics will help to make the right choice whether to breed such chickens.
Chickens breed Moscow black are very popular. Farmed since 1980. This year this breed was bred and approved in Moscow. It combines the most necessary characteristics for living in a cold climate. As the source, 3 breeds were used, from which Moscow black chickens inherited good immunity, high quality eggs and meat.
Chickens have a high disease resistance, unpretentiousness and productivity. With proper nutrition can be carried very generously, more than 200 eggs per year. Not many chickens have such high egg production as the Moscow black chicken. The quality of meat is also top notch, it is white, tender and dietary.
Chicks of this breed usually have a black color. Roosters have coppery orange mane and loins, and the body is black. The hen is distinguished by a copper-gold neck. Agree, this coloring looks much more interesting and more original than the usual pockmarked hens. Moscow black chickens have very dense feathers, so that even the most severe winters are not afraid of them. On the head is a bright red dentate comb. The beak is small, black. Eyes can be orange or brown. The neck is wide, has a magnificent plumage. The back is long, the body is wide. The legs are of medium length, the tail is low. Roosters have legs that are usually lighter than chickens. In feathers, single white feathers are found on feathers, but over time they disappear. This is clearly seen in the photo.
Thick, densely stuffed feathers provide Moscow black high cold resistance. Such chickens feel comfortable even in unheated rooms. Have a high disease resistance. Thanks to unpretentiousness to feeds, expensively growing these chickens will not do. It is important that the survival rate of chickens is almost one hundred percent. The Moscow breed of chickens grows slower than meat, but the final weight of an adult rooster is only 0.5 kg less than that of a meat one.Important! The disadvantage is that this breed is not very suitable for hatching eggs.
The output is incubation incubation. It is also bad that it is almost impossible to distinguish the sex of chickens up to 1.5 months.
The weight of an adult rooster can be from 2.5 kg to 3.5 kg, and laying hens - up to 2.5 kilograms. If you compare the Moscow black with chicken eggs or meat groups, then the meat they have better taste than egg chickens, and the weight is slightly less than that of meat. But the difference is not so big, only 0.5 kilograms. In addition, this breed has an incredible resistance to stress, which has a good effect on the quality and quantity of eggs.
There are also white Moscow chickens. Their characteristics are the same. With proper care, egg production and meat quality will be the same as that of the black representatives of the breed. In white chickens, such a phenomenon often occurs when there is another in one egg. This is due to the pushing of the already finished egg with the not yet developed.
On their own experience, farmers have seen that no other breed is so well adapted to the harsh Russian climate.Attention! They are not afraid of even frosts above -30 ° C. The only thing that can happen is the freezing of the ridges, but this happens only with roosters.
If the temperature in the room where the birds are, is 0 ° C, then the chickens will not cease to sweep in the winter. During this period, it is important to have good nutrition, and instead of water it will completely melt the snow, which chickens peck with joy.
You can keep this breed in any place convenient for you. They feel comfortable both in the cages and in the general hen house. They quickly get used to the area and the owner, so you can safely release them into the yard. Birds are very calm and peaceful, so accustomed to people that they can even go to their hands. But chickens, on the contrary, are very active and elusive. They should be released for walking along with a hook. She will be able to protect her offspring from danger.
Many believe that buying chickens, you need to choose the largest. In this case, this is a mistake.Tip! Medium sized chicks are considered the most productive. They will not rapidly gain weight, so egg production will not suffer.
Feeding is a very important condition for high performance. Proper and varied diet will only positively affect the body of chickens. Since this breed includes features of both egg and meat groups, it accordingly requires less feed than meat, and more than egg. Egg production and muscle growth rate depend on the amount of feed.
The appearance of eggs can determine what is missing in the body of chickens.Tip! A very thin shell indicates a lack of vitamin A and D. If, on the eggs, stains resembling marble, this means that there are few minerals in the diet.
Usually chickens are fed with various grain crops, mixed fodder, hay flour, boiled potatoes. But, in addition, fresh greens (cut grass), vegetables and fruits should be added to the diet. Also remember that eating too much boiled potatoes can be obese. It is advised if it is not possible to release chickens for grazing, although sometimes to add dried larvae or meat to food. Thanks to this, the birds will receive the necessary protein.
Do not neglect to drink. Chickens should always have water. It will be useful to give small calcareous stones to chickens, they have a good effect on the stomach and help to digest food better.
There is not much to write. Even if there are some specific flaws, they are so insignificant that because of them you should not deny yourself the pleasure, to raise such beautiful chickens. But nevertheless, we will sort everything in turn. Reviews of farmers have shown that the main problems in keeping Moscow black chickens can be:
- Poorly developed chickens incubation;
- Although young individuals begin to be born from 4-6 months, eggs can only be used for incubation from 8 months. Until this time, they have a very low viability;
- If improperly or excessively fed, chickens can become fat.
As you can see, the Moscow black breed of chickens is one of the most popular among farmers. In their opinion, these chickens are ideal for the backyard. And it is not surprising, because they combine good meat quality, and high egg production rates. In addition, both chickens and adult chickens have a high disease resistance and survivability. They are mobile, but not at all aggressive, do not peck and do not rush to the owners.
So, the description and characterization of the breed of hens, Moscow black, has shown that this species is excellent even for growing even in a small area. They do not require complex care and a large walking area. They can grow well and develop even in cells. They tolerate cold winters, are insensitive to temperature fluctuations and changes of seasons. Usually, they rush in the winter as actively as in the warm season. And on the video you can more clearly see the features of this breed and the principles of its content.
ReviewsZinaida, 48 years old, Belgorod. The best breed is Moscow black. Eggs carry the whole year, the chickens are very strong and hardy. Non-capricious feeding, tolerate cold. We will grow further!
Gennady, 54 years old, Krasnoyarsk. For the first time I tried the breed Moscow Black 7 years ago. Since then, never regretted. I like the quality of meat. Eggs never buy, chickens rush well even in winter. Care is the easiest and most common. The main thing is to let out and feed on time.