Every year the repair raspberry is becoming very popular among gardeners and gardeners. Nothing beats the taste of fresh homemade berries, as well as blanks made from them. Children love raspberries especially, and we try to give them only the best. Therefore, many people prefer to grow raspberries in their area, rather than buying in the market or in the store.
Of course, to get a generous harvest of raspberries, it will take a lot of effort, which will ultimately be rewarded. Important role in the cultivation of raspberries has a top dressing. You can get the harvest of berries without it, but the quantity and quality is unlikely to please you. Below we consider why top dressing is such an important stage, and how to properly feed remontant raspberries.
Top dressing of young saplings
Repair raspberry is a perennial plant. She is able to produce crops in the first year after planting. Depending on the variety, such raspberries begin to bear fruit from July-August and end in September or October. For good growth and fruit formation the bush needs fertile soil. Just planting a seedling on the garden is not enough. To increase the fertility of the bush, you can add in the hole for planting seedling tree ash or manure.
Also used for this purpose are purchased mineral fertilizers. For example, it is very useful to add superphosphate to the soil, which has a direct impact on the yield of the bush. When planting a bush in the fall, add about 150 grams of superphosphate to the hole. This will provide the plant with essential nutrients. And in order for the bush to get accustomed, you should place its roots in a solution of clay and cow manure before planting.
Also during the planting of young bushes you can spend the following feeding. At the bottom of the pits need to make:
- 4 kilograms of any organic matter;
- 1 teaspoon of superphosphate;
- 1 teaspoon potassium.
After that, the seedling should be poured abundantly, and then loosen the soil around the bush.
In the southern regions of the country, especially in areas where the soil is most fertile, it is not necessary to feed in the first two years from the time of planting. However, the residents of the middle lane were not so lucky, and the bushes will need to be fertilized every year.
When to start feeding
Fertilize raspberries begin in early spring. Caring for a repair raspberry spring involves the use of urea or ammonium nitrate. They simply sprinkle the surface of the soil around the bushes. Toward the end of spring, you can begin feeding nitrogen fertilizers. No less effective are organic fertilizers. Usually such substances are always on hand by experienced gardeners. Infusion of chicken manure or mullein is perfect for feeding remontant raspberries.
Tip! Many gardeners use as an infusion of raspberries in the spring infusion of potato peel. Skins are poured with water and left to ferment. Then this mixture is diluted with water and carry out watering.
It is very useful to carry out organic nutritious watering of bushes. To do this, you need the following substances:
- Cow dung
- 20 liters of water.
- 2 teaspoons of urea.
After such a spring procedure, you can provide the plant with nutrients for the entire season. Watering is carried out in May, when raspberries are most needed strength.
Top dressing of raspberry in summer
The need for a large amount of mineral fertilizers due to the fact that remontant raspberry has large berries. Only strong and healthy bushes can produce berries of this size. In this raspberry, nitrogen fertilizers can help, which are advised to be applied immediately after the appearance of the first leaves.
Any mineral dressing contribute before they will loosen the soil. Producers of mineral fertilizers facilitated the work of gardeners. In specialized stores you can buy ready-made mineral complexes, such as Kemira and Ekofosk. These substances must be diluted with water in the ratio of 1 tablespoon to 3 liters of water. Watering with a similar solution is made in hot weather.
But not all minerals are used in the form of solutions. Ammonium sulfate is applied to the soil in a dry form. Fertilizer simply sprinkle the soil under a bush. For one raspberry seedling you need about 15 grams of ammonium sulfate.Tip! With excessive use of minerals, soil acidity may increase. To neutralize this process, you can sprinkle the soil with the most ordinary ash.
If the bushes are already many years old, then the following mixture will help them recuperate:
- 2 kg of manure;
- 2 teaspoons of potassium salt;
- 2 teaspoons of nitrogen;
- 2 teaspoons of phosphorus.
Top dressing during fruiting
An important step in the care of remontant raspberries is fertilizing during the ripening of the first berries. For this you can use ready-made complex "Ideal". To prepare the solution, follow the instructions on the package. You can additionally add other minerals.
Also during the fruiting period, the bush especially needs potassium and nitrogen. It is very important to begin to make nitrogen fertilizers even before the formation of berries. And you can add potassium magnesia to the soil to compensate for the lack of potassium.Important! The composition for the feed in no case should not contain chlorine.
Remember that potassium is quickly washed away from the soil, therefore it can be added more often than other mineral substances. For example, potassium can be mixed with organic fertilizers. They do not dissolve so quickly, and help potassium linger longer in the soil. Instead of organic, you can use other slowly dissolving substances. For example, perfect cement dust.
To increase the yield suitable fertilizing slurry. Manure is one of the most nutritious fertilizers for remontant raspberries. Thanks to them, you can achieve a good harvest, even in cold climates.
Many people underestimate the importance of the autumn sub-feed. But it is during this period that fruit buds are formed on the bush, which will produce crops next year. This season fertilizers should consist of phosphorus and potassium. Sprinkle the soil around the raspberries with these ingredients. From organic fertilizers fit loose mixture of humus or manure.
Attention! At this time of the year, it is not advisable to apply nitrogen fertilizers.
Prepare the plant for the winter will help fertilizer, which will include potassium. He is able to increase the resistance of bushes to frost. You can use ready-made mineral fertilizers containing at least 30% potassium. They make the root of the plant. For one bush will need about 35-40 grams of fertilizer. To conduct autumn feeding raspberries need only after it is done pruning bushes.
Remontrance of raspberries implies that such a plant has a long period of fruiting, sometimes more than 2 times per season. These bushes need more different fertilizers than regular raspberries. Only with proper care can you get a generous harvest. Starting to grow raspberries, you need to be prepared to take care of it for the entire calendar year. Baits should be regular and nutritious. Moreover, remontant raspberry responds well to both organic and mineral fertilizers. Of course, in no case should not carry out all the options proposed in the article feeding. Too much fertilizer can kill plants. But with the right care, you will be able to grow excellent bushes, in which the berries will ripen until late autumn.